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Instrument used to measure direct beam of solar irradiance is called ____________

(a) Pyranometer

(b) Net radiometer

(c) Gardon gauge

(d) Pyrheliometer

This question was addressed to me in examination.

My question is from Solar Radiation Measurement topic in section Solar Energy of Energy Engineering

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Correct answer is (d) Pyrheliometer

To explain I would say: A Pyrheliometer is the device used to measure direct beam solar irradiance. Sunlight enters the instrument through a window and is directed onto a thermopile which converts heat to an electrical signal that can be recorded.

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