# Let’s assume a transmitting antenna having gain 10dB is placed at a distance of 100m from the receiving antenna and radiates a power of 5W. Find the gain of the receiving antenna in dB when the received power is 150μW and transmitter frequency 500MHz?

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Let’s assume a transmitting antenna having gain 10dB is placed at a distance of 100m from the receiving antenna and radiates a power of 5W. Find the gain of the receiving antenna in dB when the received power is 150μW and transmitter frequency 500MHz?

(a) 1.31dB

(b) 1.19dB

(c) 11.19dB

(d) 13.16dB

I had been asked this question in an online quiz.

My doubt stems from Friis Transmission Equation topic in portion Antenna Parameters of Antennas

## 1 Answer

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Right choice is (c) 11.19dB

Explanation: Given Pt=5W, Pr=150μW, f=500MHz, R=100m and Gt  in dB=10dB

Gt  in dB=10log10 Gt=10dB

Gt=10

⇨ $\lambda = \frac{c}{f} = \frac{3×10^8}{500Mhz} = 0.6m$

From Friss transmission equation, $\frac{P_r}{P_t} = \frac{G_t G_r \lambda^2}{(4\pi R)^2}$

⇨ $G_r=\frac{P_r (4\pi R)^2}{P_t G_t \lambda^2} = \frac{150\mu(4\pi ×100)^2}{5×10×0.6^2}=13.16$

⇨ Gr in dB=10log10 Gr=10log10 13.16=11.19dB

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