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What is mathematical morphology?

(a) Method of image rendering

(b) Method of image processing and analysis

(c) Method of image compression

(d) Method of image formation

This question was addressed to me in an interview.

Enquiry is from Circular Scanning topic in section Machine Vision Systems of Engineering Metrology

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Right answer is (b) Method of image processing and analysis

The best I can explain: Mathematical morphology is a method of image analysis and processing which is based on set theoretical descriptions of image measurements and transformations. It uses the concept of a structuring element, a predefined shape which is employed as a probe to test out the spatial nature of a pattern.

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